Art Deco is an art movement that took its roots in Paris around 1910 and was inspired by American style. It spanned from Art Nouveau and the modernists reaction to this movement. It brought together a range of different art style not purely limiting itself to interiors.
The Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes derived the name Art Deco in 1925. Although it was not named in such a way worldwide until the late 1960s, a long time after 1939 when the period of Art Deco is stated to be over. The exposition was the first place that Art Deco style was actually presented to the public and showed works by Ruhlmann, Süe et Marc and Chareau. It displayed also the French Art Deco which has roots as far back as the eighteenth century and encompassed luxury snd opulent design.
The two European citires that helped facilitate Art Nouveau to Art Deco were Vienna and Glasgow. In these cities proto-modern interiors and furniture were created and made their way to France. Here we can pick out designers such as Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the Viennese Secessionists. Art Deco also held some of its roots out of Europe completely. Egyptian patterns and style were of interest to the Art Deco designers, the papyri. lotus blossoms and scarab beetles all appeared in Art Deco style. Alongisde this tribal patterns were also commonly used. African Art had started to become a collectors item during this period so it is no wonder it started to seep its way into the design of the time. Closer to home, Russian Ballets had been performed in France and the bright colours and pallette became inspiring for the style. Futurism became part of the style due to its modernity and speed and Construcivism seeped in with the Bauhaus in Germany and its harmony and totality of design.
Art Deco took profit of the changing world and used all the new technology and materials in its designs. It took under its wing new craftsmen as well as the established, It is distinguished by its clean lines and geometric forms or representational forms. Art Deco was prominent both on a large scale, in apartments, houses and cinemas and a smaller scale such as singular pieces of furniture. It is no doubt the rise and speed of technology helped to facilitate this movement in its transition. The materials had been brought over from Art Nouveau such as Ivory and Moulded Glass however new materials such as stainless steel and aluminium were introduced.
It is clear that Art Deco revolutionised the Art world and is still an influential part of todays world. We can still point out examples of it in our architecture and interiors. It draws its roots and influences from a number of different sources all throughout history. It has become of interest to me to link to my FMP due to its presence in Interiors and also Casa Batllò which I have been previously discovering. I think along with Art Nouveau, these two movements are key to explore and investigate in my practice.
The Grand Salon of Emile Jacques Ruhlmann’s Hotel du Collectionneur
Source : https://www.pinterest.com/pin/119556565080566892/
Source : http://www.kickupinterior.com/house-interiors-designs/20/1930s-art-deco-interior-design/
Bayer P, Art Deco Interiors (1990) Thames and Hudson, London